The National Security Studies course is designed to promote the development of students as strategic thinkers and national security policymakers. Students selected for ICAF already are experienced with the operational level of thinking about "how" to do something (e.g., how to effectively and successfully implement an operation or a policy determined by someone else). A crucial objective of the Eisenhower School and the National Security Studies course is to enable students to effectively operate at the strategic level of crafting national-level policies and deciding "why" one policy is more likely to secure the nation's interests than another. More importantly, students (as future policy advisors or policymakers) must be able to select and integrate a wide range of policy decisions across diverse areas such as domestic and international politics, military strategy, economics, and informational and technological capabilities. As policymakers, they must be adept in the art and science of developing, applying and coordinating the instruments of national power to achieve objectives that ensure national security. In order to do this, students must understand the foundations, elements, and critical considerations for developing a national security "grand strategy".