Dr. Richard B. Andres, Chair
|Dr. Andres is a Senior Fellow and Chair of the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program at INSS. He is also Professor of National Security Strategy at the National War College. Prior to joining National Defense University, Dr. Andres was a Professor of Security Studies at Air University. As a professor he has served in various senior policy positions including Special Advisor to the Commander of Air University and Special Advisor to the Secretary of the Air Force. He has also served as a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Office of Force Transformation, U.S. Strategic Command, the Nuclear Posture Review, the Council on Foreign Relations, and other organizations. His publications appear in such journals as International Security, The Journal of Strategic Studies, Security Studies, and Joint Force Quarterly. Dr. Andres was awarded the medal for Meritorious Civilian Service and has received numerous academic chairs, awards and fellowships. He received his PhD from the University of California, Davis.|
Dr. Stefania A. Brown-VanHoozer, Assistant Chair
|Dr. Alenka Brown is a Sr. Research Fellow, SES, at the Institute for National Strategic Studies. She serves as the Associate Chair for Energy & Environmental Security Policy, the Program Lead for the Human Interoperability Enterprise under the Center for Technology and National Security Policy, Chair for NORAD-USNORTHCOM, and Sr. Advisor to Defense Threat Reduction Agency for Research & Development and Innovation and Systems Engineering Office. Dr. Brown is also associated with DoE-Oak Ridge National Laboratory as Sr. Director for Human System Development for the Global Security Directorate. Dr. Brown’s expertise ranges from exploratory to applied research and studies for policy, strategy, operations, and innovative concept development. Her work includes cross-cultural communication strategies; human/social networking interoperability, social-knowledge interoperability; human-dynamics and information sharing; strategic policy for operational energy, energy conservation, and climate change adaptation involving alternative technology, renewable energy, and behavioral change; national electrical grid-cyber and-critical infrastructure initiatives; command and control solutions, systems engineering, next generation cognitive-behavioral autonomous systems, social-networking information propagation, and innovative behavioral approaches to asymmetric threats, complex operations, and stability operations, humanitarian assistance, and disaster relief. Dr. Brown earned a Ph.D. in Human Factors Engineering; M.S. in Electrical Engineering, and a B.S. in Computer Science. She is a Certified Human Factors Professional and Neuro-Linguistic Practioner, and trained in Negotiation and Technologies, in Negotiation and Difficult People and Business Development from Harvard Law University. She has certification in JCTD Process and Contract Technical Officer Representative.|
Alex A. Beehler, Adjunct Senior Research Fellow
|Alex Beehler recently served in the Department of Defense for five years as Assistant Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Environment, Safety, & Occupational Health. During this period, he simultaneously served as Principal Deputy to the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Installations and Environment and became the Department's first Chief Sustainability Officer. In these capacities, Mr. Beehler was the principal Department advisor of the Defense Environmental Program and guided the Department's implementation of the President's 2007 Executive Order on energy, environment, and transportation. He is currently a senior advisor to B&D Consulting in Washington, DC and also an Adjunct Senior Research Fellow with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program where he is studying how federal research programs such as DARPA and E-ARPA could best spend their funds to encourage effective energy technological development beneficial to the military mission. Mr. Beehler is a graduate of Princeton University and the University of Virginia School of Law.
Kevin W. Billings, Adjunct Senior Research Fellow
Kevin Billings recently served as the Acting Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Installations, Environment, and Logistics where he led the $38 billion three division department responsible for Air Force facility and logistical issues worldwide. He is currently the Director of Logistics Concepts for the Lockheed Martin Corporate Logistics and Sustainment Group where he is responsible for Global Partnerships and Customer Relationship Management. Mr. Billings is also an Adjunct Senior Research Fellow with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program at National Defense University. In this capacity, he is studying both the value of greening the sustainment of the military’s legacy platforms and also the removal of institutional barriers to optimized energy efficiency in the Armed Forces. Throughout his career Mr. Billings has held multi-dimensional executive positions in public and private industry in strategic management, international and domestic business development, transformation and change management, corporate relations, and legislative policy development.
Paul P. Bollinger Jr., Adjunct Senior Research Fellow
Paul Bollinger is the GM of Government Solutions at The Boeing Company where he is responsible for energy programs for DoD and other federal, state, and municipal governments seeking to have greater energy security and sustainability. He is also an Adjunct Senior Research Fellow with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program. Mr. Bollinger previously served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Army for Energy & Partnerships. In this capacity, he was the Senior Energy Executive for the Army and was responsible for creating the Army’s energy security strategy and developing several major energy projects. He also worked as the Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Installations, Environment, and Logistics where he had the primary responsibility for certifying the USAF fleet on synthetic fuels. Mr. Bollinger has significant private sector experience and sits on the Board of Directors for several Washington, DC-area organizations.
Lt.Gen. Robert Elder (USAF, Retired), Adjunct Senior Research Fellow
Lieutenant General Robert Elder is a member of the research faculty at George Mason University and an Adjunct Senior Research Fellow with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program at NDU. He also serves as an advisor and Public/Private Sector Collaboration Facilitator for the Cyber Innovation Center. As the Commander of 8th Air Force and U.S. Strategic Command’s Global Strike Component he was responsible for nine wings and one direct reporting unit with 270 aircraft and 41,000 active duty, civilian, and reserve personnel. General Elder served as the first commander of Air Force Network Operations and led the development of the cyberspace mission for the Air Force. He also served as the Air operations center commander and deputy air component commander for Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom. His executive experience includes senior leadership positions with the Joint Staff, Air Force staff, and NATO. His international experience includes interactions with senior government representatives in the Middle East, Asia, Europe, Pacific, South America, and Africa. General Elder served as the Commandant of the Air War College, and holds a doctorate in engineering from the University of Detroit.
Dr. Robert Rauchhaus, Adjunct Professor
Dr. Robert Rauchhaus is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of California, Santa Barbara and a freelance strategy consultant. His research and consulting work focuses on the formulation and implementation of strategy under conditions of uncertainty, risk, and strategic interaction. He is also an Adjunct Professor with the Institute for National Strategic Studies at National Defense University where his work addresses conflict termination strategies, including means to reduce U.S. resource commitments in Afghanistan and elsewhere, by more efficient use of aerospace power and other instruments of influence. Prior to joining the faculty at UCSB in 2003, Dr. Rauchhaus was a management consultant with McKinsey and Company (2000-02) and a Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Center of International Studies at Princeton University (2002-03). His work has appeared in several leading international relations journal including World Politics, International Studies Quarterly, and the Journal of Conflict Resolution. Dr. Rauchhaus received his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley.
Micah J. Loudermilk, Research Associate/Program Coordinator
Micah Loudermilk is a research associate with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program at National Defense University where his research supports the work and projects of Dr. Andres and Dr. Brown. He also coordinates activities, meetings, and events for the program. Since joining EESP in May 2010, Mr. Loudermilk has examined energy-related topics such as small-scale nuclear reactors and DoD’s ability to preserve nuclear power in the U.S., European energy security and natural gas pipeline politics, various aspects of electrical grid security, and other issues including U.S. military capabilities vis-à-vis China. His research interests include U.S. nuclear weapons and energy policy, South Asian politics, the evolving field of cyber warfare and security, and global biosecurity and public health. Mr. Loudermilk holds a Master of Arts degree in International Relations and a Bachelor of Arts degree in History, both from the University of Akron.
Eric N. Crownover, Intern
|Eric Crownover is an intern with the Center for Technology and National Security Policy at NDU. Under the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program, he researches cyber warfare and is examining the development of a collective consciousness throughout social system networks across cyber networks. Eric is also a graduate student at Missouri State University where he is pursuing a Master of Science degree in Defense and Strategic Studies. He received his Bachelor of Science degree in Global Security and Intelligence Studies from Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University-Prescott in 2009 and has conducted research on China’s military, WMD proliferation, and counterterrorism through his
Christine Zaino, Intern
|Christine Zaino is a research intern with the Energy and Environmental Security Policy program at NDU. She is also a first year graduate student at the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs, working toward her Master’s degree in International Affairs, with a focus on security policy and transnational security issues. She earned her Bachelor’s degree at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, where she studied English and Political Science. After graduating, Christine spent two years living and working abroad in Jinan, China and Santiago, Chile.|
Emerald M. Archer, Researcher
|Emerald Archer is currently an Assistant Professor and Chair of the Politics & History Department at Woodbury University in California. She is currently coauthoring a paper with Dr. Andres on non-conventional forms of terrorism (e.g. cyber warfare) that threaten national and international security. The paper addresses what cyber warfare will look like in the future and implications associated with the evolving nature of cyber capabilities. Dr. Archer received her PhD in Political Science from the University of California, Santa Barbara in 2009 where her dissertation examined if and to what extent stereotype threats affect the performance of servicemen and women in the U.S. Armed Forces. Though her teaching interests are wide-ranging, her current research interests include civil-military relations, gender and militarism, political psychology, and terrorism. Dr. Archer also studied Arabic throughout her graduate career and lived in Cairo while studying at the American University.|
Timothy J. Junio, Researcher
|Timothy Junio is a doctoral candidate at the University of Pennsylvania studying Political Science with a concentration on International Relations and Comparative Politics. As a researcher with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program, he is working with Dr. Andres to study the potential for catastrophic computer network attacks against U.S. critical infrastructure, including the financial sector, SCADA systems, and the domain name system. In his studies, Mr. Junio focuses on how information technology may be challenging traditional security studies concepts and his dissertation seeks to explain variation in state responses to perceived foreign information threats such as computer network attack and influence operations. Mr. Junio is also an adjunct researcher with the RAND Corporation and previously worked on military analysis and long-term strategy for the IC and OSD. He holds a M.A. in International Relations and a B.A. in International Studies, both from Johns Hopkins University.|
Alisa Rod, Researcher
|Alisa Rod is a doctoral candidate in political science at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her dissertation seeks to explore the relationship between nationalism and environmental attitudes and behavior, using social psychological experiments and survey research. She is also working as a researcher with Dr. Andres on the subjects of national cyber security policy and strategy. Ms. Rod possesses interests in several areas of research including international relations, environmental policy, group behavior, and international security. She holds an M.A. in Political Science from the University of California, Santa Barbara and a B.A. in Bioethics from the American Jewish University in Los Angeles.|
Scott J. Shackelford, Researcher
|Scott Shackelford is a PhD candidate in international relations at the University of Cambridge and an Assistant Professor of Business Law and Ethics at Indiana University, Bloomington. As a researcher with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program, he is collaborating on research and publication with Dr. Andres on cyber security issues. Mr. Shackelford has a background in both law and international relations, has published numerous articles in the cyber field, and has studied cyber security and privacy, international law and relations, and environmental law. He holds a JD from Stanford University, a M.A. in International Relations from the University of Cambridge, and a B.A. from Indiana University.|
Amy Sliva, Researcher
|Amy Sliva is a researcher at the University of Maryland Institute for Advanced Computer Studies in the Laboratory for Computational Cultural Dynamics. She is collaborating with Dr. Andres on a project to study the nature of cyber warfare, devising a framework to classify cyber incidents and appropriate international responses. Ms. Sliva has an interdisciplinary background in both computer science and international relations, and is researching new artificial intelligence models to address problems in security policy and international conflict. She received a B.S. in Computer Science from Georgetown University and an M.S. in Computer Science from the University of Maryland. Ms. Sliva is currently a Computer Science PhD candidate at the University of Maryland and is also pursuing her M.P.P. with a concentration in International Security Policy from the Maryland School of Public Policy.|
Jacob Tremblay, Researcher
|Jacob Tremblay is a researcher with the Energy & Environmental Security Policy program at INSS working with Dr. Andres on research relating to Southeast Asian energy politics. During his time at National Defense University, he has studied both recent and upcoming energy infrastructure within Burma as well as U.S. policy towards the Burmese regime. From his work, he has produced strategic papers on investment risk analysis and Chinese infrastructure within Burma. Mr. Tremblay received his Bachelor of Arts degree in International Relations from Boston University with a focus on Security Policy and East Asia and then spent two years studying and working in Southeast Asia and Japan.|