NDU Privacy and Security Notice

NDU's Privacy Program 

NDU's Privacy Program provides information on the following topics:

The NDU.edu website is provided as a public service by National Defense University. The NDU.edu website is hosted by Defense Media Activity, which provides Internet, mobile, and communication technologies to Department of Defense agencies per DoD Directive 5105.74.

Information presented on this website is considered public information and may be distributed or copied unless otherwise specified. Use of appropriate byline/photo/image credits is requested.


If you choose to provide NDU with personal information via this website’s Contact Us form, that information is used only to respond to your message or request. NDU will only share the information you provide with another government agency if your inquiry relates to that agency, or as otherwise required by law. NDU never uses information provided via the NDU public site to create individual profiles, nor gives an individual’s contact information to any private organizations. NDU.edu never collects information for commercial marketing. While you must provide an email address or postal address for a response, NDU recommends that you NOT include any other personal information, especially Social Security numbers. The Social Security Administration offers additional guidance on sharing your Social Security number.


NDU and DMA maintain a variety of physical, electronic and procedural safeguards to protect your personal information. For site security purposes and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, DMA’s government computer system employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage.


Except for authorized law enforcement investigations, no other attempts are made by NDU or DMA to identify individual users or their usage habits. Raw data logs are used for no other purposes and are scheduled for regular destruction by DMA in accordance with National Archives and Records Administration guidelines.


Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information on DMA’s web-hosting service or NDU’s public web site are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Information Infrastructure Protection Act. 


If you have any questions or comments about the information presented here, please forward them to NDU using our Contact Us page. 


Use of Measurement and Customization Technology


NDU’s website on the DMA host platform uses measurement and customization technology known as a "cookies." Cookies are used to remember a user's online interactions with a website or online application to conduct measurement and analysis of usage or to customize the user's experience.


Two kinds of cookies are used on DMA-hosted websites, including NDU’s website. A single-session cookie (Tier 1) is a line of text that is stored temporarily on a user's computer and deleted as soon as the browser is closed. A persistent or multi-session cookie (Tier 2) is saved to a file on a user's hard drive and is called up the next time that user visits a DMA-hosted website. Use of these cookies does not involve the collection of a visitor's personally identifiable information.


Neither NDU nor DoD use the information associated with cookies to track individual user activity on the internet outside of NDU website or other DMA-hosted DoD websites. Neither NDU nor DoD share the data obtained through such technologies – without the user's explicit consent – with other federal departments or agencies. Neither NDU nor DoD keep a database of information obtained from the use of cookies.


Cookies are enabled by default to optimize website functionality and customize user experience. Users can choose not to accept the use of these cookies by changing the settings on their local computer's web browser. The USA.gov website, https://www.usa.gov/optout-instructions, provides general instructions on how to opt out of cookies and other commonly used web measurement and customization technologies. Opting out of cookies still permits users to access comparable information and services; however, it may take longer to navigate or interact with the website if a user is required to fill out certain information repeatedly.


Specific Technologies/Vendors


Tier 1 cookies are used for technical purposes to improve a user experience and to allow users to more easily navigate the website.


DMA uses Akamai to speed the delivery of content and applications for customers by using automatic, intermediate and temporary information storage to make the onward transmission of that information to other recipients more efficient. Temporary storage processes retain information only as long as is reasonably necessary to transmit the data. Intermediate storage processes retain information only so long as is reasonably necessary for continued transmission, to maintain the security of the network and the data, to monitor and improve website performance and for related administrative purposes. Akamai does not collect, use or disclose personally identifiable consumer information.


NDU and DMA use Urchin software to collect aggregate statistics of website visitor characteristics, traffic, and activity. This information is used to assess what content is of most and least interest, determine technical design specifications, and identify system performance or problem areas. The software records a variety of data, including IP addresses (the locations of computers or networks on the internet), unique visits, page views, hits, referring websites and what hyperlinks have been clicked. Tier 2 cookies are used to distinguish between summary statistics for users who have been to the site before, and those that are visiting the site the first time. Neither NDU, DMA, nor DoD gathers, requests, records, requires, collects or tracks any internet users' personally identifiable information through these processes.


Client side opt-out mechanisms allow the user to opt out of web measurement and customization technologies by changing the settings of a specific application or program on the user's local computer. For example, users may be able to disable persistent cookies by changing the settings on commonly used web browsers. For general instructions on how to opt out of some of the most commonly used web measurements and customization technologies, go to https://www.usa.gov/optout-instructions.

Use of Third-party Website and Applications


Third-party websites and applications that are not owned, operated, or controlled by NDU, DMA or DoD are integral to internet-based operations and used to augment official communication.


These capabilities include, but are not limited to, social media services, networking services, and collaboration services. A list of DoD's authorized pages and services is available at https://dod.defense.gov/About/Military-Departments/DoD-Websites/. Lists of NDU’s authorized pages and services are available at https://www.ndu.edu/Outreach/Social-Media/ and https://www.ndu.edu/Alumni/Social-Media-Hub/. These sites may collect personally identifiable information and may make it available to NDU, DMA, DoD and other users; however, the information is not collected on behalf of, nor is it provided specifically for NDU, DMA or DoD. Neither NDU, DMA nor DoD harvests, collects, maintains, shares or otherwise uses such personally identifiable information for any purpose other than that for which it is made available to all users.


NDU Privacy Program Policy


See NDUI 8500.02, "Governance and Privacy Program Policy and Procedures (AR-1)," July 6, 2018 

NDU Senior Component Official for Privacy (SCOP)

Privacy questions may be directed to Chief_Privacy_Officer@ndu.edu, 202-685-4059.