Special Collections, Archives and Manuscripts

The manuscript collections of the National Defense University Library have been established in response to an urgent need for organizing and preserving a vital collection of primary source materials. Growing both in scope and quality, these collections hold potential for significant and extensive research. Primarily comprising the papers of twentieth-century military, naval, and diplomatic leaders, the manuscript collections offer scholars a unique opportunity for research.

Foremost among the papers of former Chairmen of the Joint Chiefs of Staff are those of General Lyman L. Lemnitzer, Colin L. Powell, John M. Shalikashvili, and Maxwell D. Taylor. Supreme Allied Commanders, Europe, are represented by the papers of Generals Lemnitzer, Andrew J. Goodpaster, Bernard W. Rogers, John R. Galvin, George A. Joulwan, and Wesley K. Clark

  • General Lyman L. Lemnitzer's papers cover the years 1952-1969, reflecting his responsibilities as Army Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Research, 1952-1955; his commands in the Far East, 1955-1957; as Army Vice Chief of Staff, 1957-1959; as Army Chief of Staff, 1959-1960; and as Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1960-1962. A large segment of the 75 linear feet in this collection covers his service a USCINCEUR, 1962-1969, and as SACEUR, 1963-1969. Restricted access.
  • General Colin L. Powell's papers represent primarily his tenure as Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1989-1993, supplemented by documents, photographs, articles, and artifacts reflecting his career prior to his appointment as Chairman and following his retirement, CJCS. Complementing this collection are the papers of Admiral David E. Jeremiah, Admiral William A. Owens, and General Joseph W. Ralston, former Vice Chairmen, Joint Chiefs of Staff. Restricted access.
  • General Maxwell D. Taylor's papers represent his military and diplomatic career from World War II through July, 1986, when he made his last public appearance at National Defense University. The bulk of his papers cover the period 1961-1969, reflecting General Taylor's responsibilities as Military Representative to President Kennedy, 1961-1962; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 1962-1964; Ambassador to South Vietnam, 1964-1965; and as Consultant to President Johnson, 1965-1969. The remainder of the collection covers his activities from World War II until his retirement as Army Chief of Staff in 1959; and subsequent to 1969. Page proofs and pre-publication comments on his book SWORDS AND PLOWSHARES are also available. Restricted access. d. General John R. Galvin's papers represent his career as SACEUR, 1987-1992. Restricted access.
  • General Andrew J. Goodpaster's papers comprise about 40 linear feet of correspondence, messages and speeches for the period 1968-1974, covering his duty as Deputy Commanding General, USMACV, 1968-1969; as USCINCEUR and SACEUR, 1969-1974. Restricted access.
  • General Bernard W. Rogers' papers comprise 121 linear feet of correspondence, speeches, calendars, messages, memos, tapes, and photographs. Documenting General Rogers' career from 1967 as Assistant Division Commander, lst Infantry Division in Vietnam, the papers continue through 1988, including his career as Commander, U.S. Army Forces Command, 1974-1976; Army Chief of Staff, 1976-1979; and SACEUR, 1979-1987. Restricted access.
  • The CINCS are represented by the papers of Generals Paul D. Adams, CINC US STRIKECOM; Barry R. McCaffrey, CINC SOUTHCOM; James P. McCarthy, CINC EUCOM; and Robert W. RisCassi, CINC U.N. Command, South Korea.

Working archival collections from the Hudson Institute, the Presidential Commission on Women in Combat, the Title V Report to Congress on the Conduct of the Persian Gulf War, Civil Affairs in the Persian Gulf, and the Skelton Panel on Military Education also are available for research in Special Collections.

Former National War College faculty, Dr. Ralph L. Powell and Dr. Richard W. Van Wagenen have likewise donated major research collections. Dr. Powell, a preeminent authority on China, donated both his papers and his library on the Far East. Dr. Van Wagenen, a former Director, Center for Research of World Political Institutions, Princeton, donated papers relating to the Allied Control Authority for Germany, 1945-1947.

Collections with emphasis on mobilization, transportation, and logistics are the papers of Mr. Bernard Baruch, Mr. J. Carlton Ward, Jr., and General Frank S. Besson, Jr. In the collection of correspondence between Mr. Baruch and Mr. Julius A. Krug, Secretary of the Interior during the Truman Administration, Baruch discusses domestic resource policies, the necessity for studying industrial preparedness, the need for an industrial mobilization plan, and the problem of adequate authority during times of an emergency. A guiding founder of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces, Mr. Ward donated a collection of his speeches and papers on the aircraft industry during World War II, accompanied by letters from such luminaries as Secretary James Forrestal and General J. Lawton Collins. General Besson was the first commander of the Army Materiel Command; the papers reflect his career as Chief of the Allied Military Rail Service in Iran during World War II, overseer of the Japanese railway system after World War II, and Director of AMTRAK.

Supplementing the library of the noted military historian, Mr. Hoffman Nickerson, is a collection of records regarding his service in the Army Intelligence Service, Chaumont, France, 1917-1918, together with manuscripts for publications on historical/military subjects.

Mr. Fred Hoffman, a former defense correspondent for the Associated Press, has donated his papers spanning his distinguished career from World War II through 1987.

The papers of Dr. Alfred H. Hausrath, Chief, Military Gaming Division, Research Analysis Corporation, represent the history of wargaming.

Significant collections have been donated by the command, faculty, and students of the University and its constituent colleges: Rear Admiral William G. Ammon, NWC Deputy Commandant; Major General Theodore Antonelli, ICAF Commandant; Vice Admiral Marmaduke G. Bayne, NWC Commandant and NDU President; Major General John S. Cowings; Major General Richard L. Engel; Lieutenant General Bradley C. Hosmer, NDU President; Major General Stan L. McClellan, ICAF class of 1968; Lieutenant General John S. Pustay, NDU President; Lieutenant General Ervin G. Rokke; Rear Admiral Jerome F. Smith, Jr., ICAF Commandant; Major General Hamilton A. Twitchell, NWC Class of 1954; Major General Albin G. Wheeler, ICAF Commandant; and Lieutenant General Walter J. Woolwine, ICAF Commandant.

The material formats comprising these collections are as varied as their subject strengths. Included are correspondence, diaries, legal documents, speeches, articles, and other written materials in addition to photographs, scrapbooks, memorabilia, audio-visual materials, maps, works of art, uniforms, and artifacts. Portions of these collections may be classified or restricted.